Predictions of Christ’s Birth and Ministry:
1. Christ would be the seed of a woman
Genesis 3:15 states: “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”
It is against nature to say “the seed of a woman.” Why then is that the promise that God gives to Eve when she had proved to be a sinner in the midst of a perfect environment—the Garden of Eden? It is because God knew that the only way out of their predicament was for Him to invade history and make things right. But how could God become human and not then take on a sin nature? It is only possible if God made it possible for a woman to have a child without a husband.
In this verse God is speaking directly to Satan who appeared as a snake, telling him that he will be defeated—have his head crushed. But then he also told Satan that he would bruise Jesus. That reminds us of the crucifixion—Isaiah said “He was bruised for our transgressions.” It did not result in final death, for Jesus was raised from the dead.
The New Testament fulfillment of this first prediction of the coming of Christ is best found in Galatians 4:4-5:
“But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.”
The key words “born of a woman” prove the accuracy of what we have said about Genesis 3:15. It was through a woman that God sent forth His Son, when the Holy Spirit overshadowed Mary and she became with child through the very Holy Spirit of God. And do not forget that this Child came to redeem us. Redeem means to “buy us back.” God sent Jesus to purchase us from our bondage to sin with His own precious blood. How thankful we can be that God had mercy on us, and sent His Son to die for our sins. He adopted us—He chose us to be the recipients of His grace and forgiveness.
2. Christ would be the descendant of Abraham
In Genesis 18:18, we read: “Since Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
Abraham was promised by God to be the foundation of a family that would eventually bless all nations of the world. The New Testament reveals exactly which descendant would be the One that would bless the world.
In Acts 3:25-26, the Word states: “You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, “And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed. To you first, God, having raised up His Servant Jesus, sent Him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from your iniquities.”
Jesus Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of the Covenant that was given to Abraham in the book of Genesis. The blessings that will come are available to both Jews and Gentiles.
3. Christ would be the Promised Seed of Jacob
In Numbers 24:17, the prophecy is given: “I see Him, but not now; I behold Him, but not near; A Star shall come out of Jacob; A Scepter shall rise out of Israel.”
This prediction is that a future King will come out of the family of Jacob somewhere in the distant future. That star and scepter refer to total control resting in one person. It looks forward to the Millennial Kingdom when Christ will rule the world.
In Luke 3:34 we have the genealogy of Jesus through His mother Mary and there we see the words: “Son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham.”
4. Christ will Descend from the Tribe of Judah
Genesis 49:10 is the deathbed predictions of Jacob regarding his sons. Regarding Judah, Jacob states: “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to Him shall be the obedience of the people.
Jacob promises here that the line of his son Judah will provide the kings of Israel. That would not take place until 640 years after Jacob died with the ascension of David to the throne. Jacob also predicts that this will culminate in the coming of Shiloh, one of the special names for the Messiah.
Again, in Mary’s genealogy, we find in Luke 3:33 the words “son of Judah.”
5. Christ will be the Heir to the Throne of David
In Isaiah 9:7, the Word affirms: “Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, to order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward even forever.
When God established David as the king of Israel, it was a kingdom that would extend until the Messiah would come and take that throne.
In Matthew 1:1, we find succinctly stated: “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham.”
6. Christ will be born in Bethlehem
In Micah 5:2, the prophet states: “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel.
Four hundred years before Christ is born in the obscure village of Bethlehem, the prophet Micah announced that. A marvel of the Old Testament is the spot-on accuracy of all the predictions. Listen to what Luke says in the New Testament.
Luke 2:4-7 narrates the story: “Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was, that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.”
God sovereignly planned that Mary and Joseph would leave their home in Nazareth, and travel to Bethlehem for the census required by the Roman government. People were required to return to the place of origin of their family, and since Joseph and Mary were both of the family of King David, they returned to Bethlehem.
7. Christ will be born of a Virgin
Isaiah 7:14 predicts: “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.
Seven hundred years before Mary gave birth to Jesus the prediction of the virgin birth was made. The miracle was not only that the virgin would have a child, but that the prophet Isaiah recorded this so long ahead of the event.
In Matthew 1, Joseph ponders whether to “put away” his fiancé who is having a baby, and the Lord speaks to him in a dream these words in verse 22-23: “So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel, which is translated, God with us.”
What a comfort to Joseph’s heart that his betrothed was going to bring God into the world in human flesh.
8. Christ will be cut off 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem in 445 BC
Daniel 9:25-26 gives an amazing prediction: “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks… And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself.”
History records that the command to rebuild Jerusalem came from the Persian king on March 14, 445 BC. The 7 weeks and 62 weeks are weeks of years, thus 483 years, which brings us to April 6, 32 AD. In that year, Daniel predicts, the Messiah will be “cut off” which is a way of saying that He will die. Note that Daniel adds that the death will not be to His benefit.
First Peter 2:24 proclaims: “Who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the cross, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness, by whose stripes you were healed.” Christ died on the Cross to redeem us from our sins, if we but repent and believe in Him. His sacrifice on the Cross makes the whole story of Christmas take on a personal meaning. Christ was born to die, to die for our sins. This is the Good News of Christmas: Christ has come from heaven to rescue us from our sins. Repent, and accept the Savior today!